- When a closed system undergoes a thermodynamic cycle, the net heat transfer is equal to the net work transfer. This statement does not specify the direction of flow of heat and work (i.e. whether the heat flows from a hot body to a cold body or from a cold body to a hot body). It also does not give any condition under which these transfers take place.
- The heat energy and mechanical work are mutually convertible. Though the mechanical work can be fully converted into heat energy, but only a part of heat energy can be converted into mechanical work. This means that the heat energy and mechanical work are not fully mutually convertible. In other words, this is a limitation on the conversion of one form of energy into another form.
Sunday, February 22, 2009
Limitations of first law of thermodynamics